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Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors

Adopted at the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on September 4, 1991, and effective as of January 1, 1992


Chapter I General Provisions

Chapter II Protection by the Family

Chapter III Protection by the School

Chapter IV Protection by the Society

Chapter V Judicial Protection

Chapter VI Legal Responsibility

Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution for the purpose of protecting the physical and mental health of minors, safeguarding their lawful rights and interests, promoting their all-round development -- morally, intellectually and physically, and training them into successors to the socialist cause with lofty ideals, sound morality, better education and a good sense of discipline.

Article 2 Minors as used in this Law refer to citizens under the age of eighteen.

Article 3 The State, society, schools and families shall educate minors in ideals, morality, culture, discipline and legal system as well as in patriotism, collectivism, internationalism and communism, foster among them the social ethics of loving the motherland, the people, labour, science and socialism, and fight against the corrosive influences of bourgeois, feudal and other decadent ideologies.

Article 4 The protection of minors shall follow the following principles:

(1) safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of minors;

(2) respecting the personal dignity of minors;

(3) fitting in with the characteristics of minors' physical and mental development; and

(4) combining education with protection.

Article 5 The State shall protect the rights of the person and property as well as other lawful rights and interests of minors from violation.

To protect minors is the common responsibility of State organs, armed forces, political parties, social organizations, enterprises and institutions, self-governing organizations of mass character at grass-roots levels in urban and rural areas, guardians of minors and other adult citizens.

Any organization or individual shall have the right to dissuade or stop any act encroaching upon the lawful rights and interests of minors, or report to or complain before a department concerned there against.

The State, society, schools and families shall educate and help minors to safeguard their lawful rights and interests by legal means.

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